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In 1920 for the first time the United States census revealed that more Americans lived in cities than in rural areas This fact speaks to a dramatic cultural shift that had taken place The older ethnically homogenous white Anglo-Saxon Protestant WASP culture characterized by their traditional religion and farm life fell into decline Overtaking its influence was a new secular urban mass culture rooted among diverse ethnic groups It was a culture that provided more opportunity for equal participation to women and minorities than did the older traditional culture Like all periods of change however the Twenties were accompanied by a reaction against these changes as the older culture tried to reassert itself as the dominant group The result was a decade marked by striking cultural conflict Those who considered themselves traditional Americans committed to traditional ways of life launched a cultural war against those who presented a threat to it There were many common themes that connected the three essays Sacco and Vanzetti The Scopes Trial and the American Character and Rural-Urban Conflict in the 1920s Together they present an accurate interpretation of the Roaring Twenties The case of Sacco and Vanzetti represented a deep division in American society Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were Italian immigrants who came to American in 1908 In 1920 Sacco was working in a shoe factory and Vanzetti was selling fish on the streets On April 15 1920 a double murder and robbery took place at the Slater and Morrill shoe factory where Sacco worked Three weeks later the two men were arrested for these murders and the robbery They were put on trial one year later and found guilty of all charges Sacco and Vanzetti were executed for their alleged crimes Many experts today and back then agree that the prosecution did not present the two men to be guilty beyond a reasonable doubt There were many conflicting factors during the trial Sacco and Vanzetti were
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