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Phil or Sophie In philosophy there are three main worldviews Scientific Materialism Spiritualism and IdealismRealismRationalism Scientific materialism is holds much in what we observe What we hear see feel taste and smell is whats real It is totally physical Spiritualism is the opposite of scientific materialism it says that the physical is not always real and that there is a higher reality that transcends the physical IdealismRealismRationalism is a broad view that separates what is real and what is known by the mind Internet intro There are also three ethical views Utilitarianism Natural Law and Kants Deontology Utilitarianism is based on pleasure whatever provides the greatest amount of pleasure is rightinternet intro Natural law says that what is good comes from natures design It asks what is it and what is it used for Kants deontology is the idea that we have the duty to follow the rules of logic and language When talking about Philosophy you must start with the famous ancient philosopher Socrates During the late 400s BC Philosophy was very serious and could be dangerous Socrates ignored the seriousness of Philosophy this made him one of the most interesting and understandable philosophers He also ignored the dangers of his chosen profession this cost him his life Socrates spent most of his days wandering the streets of Athens and simply talking to people It was his simple and personal approach to discussing philosophy that made him so radical in the eyes of the government Socrates was a realist Socrates thought that reason finds truth Throughout his life Socrates questioned many people but was never able to come up with a universal truth Socrates was always anti-government He felt that the government had no right to make a person think or act in a particular way Socrates believed that becoming a politician was the worst career any man could have The politicians of Athens eventually called Socrates to trial He
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