scroll to top
Stuck on your essay?
Get ideas from this essay and see how your work stacks up
Word Count: 321
Introduction Globalization identity and difference Over the past millenium Africas peoples and cultures have been subject to dramatic external interventions and influences enmeshing them firmly within the emerging world system The successive conquests colonizations and associated cultural imperialisms of Arab and European Islam and Christianity the haemorrhaging of literally millions of Africans constituted by the slave trade and more recently the rapid modernization and spread of capitalist consumerism have all transformed and internationalized cultures conceptualizations and commodities This increasingly powerful process of convergence has captured the popular imagination to the extent that globalization is as much a subject of media interest as of academic enquiry Yet convergence and globalization are not all-embracing unidirectional and homogenizing processes as Robertson 1991 1992 has claimed Rather their impact varies greatly in extent and intensity over time across space and within and between cultures and social classes Moreover counter-movements both conscious and unpremeditated are occurring simultaneously Divergence economic and social counter-penetration the emergence of new syncretic forms of social and material culture including deviance that ultimate social construct for non-conformity are constantly emerging Furthermore as discussed in greater detail below globalized consumerism and industrial production for global markets often occur to very different extents in particular regions Africa is a classic case in point its increasing marginalization within the world economy reflects as pointed out in chapter 2 the paucity of inward foreign direct investment and exports of secondary or tertiary output The continents exports remain overwhelmingly primary commodities while a high proportion of manufactured goods are still imported or produced purely for the local market Globalization except in a superficial journalistic sense therefore has little meaning and analytical utility in general terms It is precisely the kind of totalizing or universalizing construct being called into question by postmodern modes of social enquiry As the contributions in King 1991 reveal clearly globalization even has very different meanings in the cultural arena for various academic disciplines
@Kibin is a lifesaver for my essay right now!!
- Sandra Slivka, student @ UC Berkeley
Wow, this is the best essay help I've ever received!
- Camvu Pham, student @ U of M
If I'd known about @Kibin in college, I would have gotten much more sleep
- Jen Soust, alumni @ UCLA