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Identify the issues raised by the growth of Manchester and analyze the various reactions to those issues over the course of the nineteenth century Background Manchester England became a leading textile manufacturing center soon after its first large mechanized cotton mill was built in 1780 Its population increased from 18000 in 1750 to over 300000 by the census of 1851 much of this made up of the working class and immigrants In the 1832 Reform Bill Manchester was granted representation in Parliament and middle-class men received the vote After Queen Victorias visit in 1851 Manchester was granted a royal charter The early to mid 1800s in Manchester was a time of what could be seen as prosperous growth Between 1750 and 1850 Manchester nearly quadrupled in size DOC 1 The radical changes that occurred in this 100 year time span brought forth different responses from the social economic and political stand points Visitors such as Robert Southey from England and Alexis de Tocqueville from France did not see Manchester as a glorious sight Robert Southey says that he could not imagine a more destitute city DOC 2 He probably saw the same plumes of smoke that were depicted in The Graphics magazine picture of the Irwell River DOC 11 The factories at this time as one could expect were putting forth pollution and in a sense laying a black cloud over Manchester According to the French visitor Tocqueville the city was leaving the civilized side of man and turning him savage DOC 5 Yet this same city that was looked upon by so many was actually giving forth good for the rest of the world At the expense of all this good were mens lives The lowest life expectancy according to the medical reformer Thomas Wakley was at its lowest in Manchester and other Industrial districts DOC 8 The life expectancy difference between the Industrial Manchester and the Rural Rutland
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