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Japanese Internment Camps Japans surprise attack on the US military base at Pearl Harbor Hawaii on Dec 7 1941 caused the United States to enter World War II It also stirred hostility against Japanese people in the United States Many Americans associated Japanese Americans with the Japanese pilots who had destroyed US Navy ships Following the attack the United States was gripped by war hysteria This was especially strong along the Pacific coast of the US where residents feared more Japanese attacks on their cities homes and businesses Leaders in California Oregon and Washington demanded that the residents of Japanese ancestry be removed from their homes along the coast and relocated in isolated inland areas Harth As a result of this pressure on February 19 1942 President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 which authorized military commanders to designate military areas from which any or all persons may be excluded The military chose to establish curfews for Japanese Americans The War Relocation Authority was created to administer the assembly centers relocation centers and internment camps Relocation of Japanese-Americans began in April 1942 All people of Japanese ancestry were confined to detention camps until their loyalty could be determined This resulted in the forcible internment of 120000 people of Japanese ancestry More than two-thirds of those interned under the Executive Order were citizens of the United States and none had ever shown any disloyalty USCom These detention camps were called Internment Camps Merriam Webster gives the definition of Internment camps as a camp in which enemy aliens prisoners of war or others considered dangerous to pursuing a war effort are confined during wartime Internment camps were built all over the interior West in isolated desert areas of Arizona California Utah Idaho Colorado Arkansas and Wyoming Japanese-Americans were forced to live under harsh conditions From 1942 to 1946 the United States government imprisoned Japanese Americans in these camps The United States and Japan were at war and US
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