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Chapter I - Jewish Physics When Adolf Hitler began his rise to power in the early 1930s he also began his persecution of the Jews As a result of his policies many scientists left Europe for the safety of the United States This intellectual tide was taking place when scientists on either side of the Atlantic were discovering the secrets of the atom In 1932 Sir James Chadwick discovered the neutron a few months later Hitler rose to power Both events sent large tidal waves through the scientific community Hitlers Anti-Semitic stance forced many noted German and Eastern European scientists to flee to England and the United States Albert Einstein whose theory of relativity had been denounced as Jewish physics left Berlin in late 1933 for the Institute of Advanced Studies at Princeton Atomic fission was discovered three months after Hitler annexed Czechoslovakia Scientists the world over wondered whether atomic fission would stay isolated in the lab or be expanded into a weapon of mass destruction With the start of Hitlers blitzkrieg attack on Poland a group of European ex-patriot scientists gathered in the US with the intent of gaining an upper hand on nuclear fission before Hitler and his henchmen could If such a weapon is going to be made we must do it first We cant afford not to 1 Chapter II - The American Manhattan Project In 1941 a coalition of physicists persuaded the US Government to support research on and construction of an atom bomb A year later the army was given the responsibility of supervising the atomic research program Under the armys direction a bomb building laboratory and the supporting physical plants were soon built and operational in Oak Ridge Tennessee and Hanford Washington The Los Alamos site was the Manhattan Projects special weapons laboratory which would actually put the bomb together When one considers how many people worked at Los Alamos
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