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The Logical Problem of Evil We have noted that there are two aspects of the problem of evil the philosophical or apologetic and the religious or emotional aspect We also noted that within the philosophical aspect there are two types of challenges to faith in God the logical and the evidential David Hume the eighteenth century philosopher stated the logical problem of evil when he inquired about God Is He willing to prevent evil but not able Then He is impotent Is He able but not willing Then He is malevolent Is He both able and willing Whence then is evil Craig 80 When the skeptic challenges belief in God on the basis of the logical problem of evil he is suggesting that it is irrational or logically impossible to believe in the existence of both a good and all powerful God and in the reality of evil and suffering Such a God would not possibly allow evil to exist The key to the resolution of this apparent conflict is to recognize that when we say God is all powerful we do not imply that He is capable of doing anything imaginable True Scripture states that with God all things are possible Mt 1926 But Scripture also states that there are some things God cannot do For instance God cannot lie Tit 12 Neither can He be tempted to sin nor can He tempt others to sin James 113 In other words He cannot do anything that is out of character for a righteous God Neither can He do anything that is out of character for a rational being in a rational world Certainly even God cannot undo the past or create a square triangle or make what is false true He cannot do what is irrational or absurd And it is on this basis that we conclude that God could not eliminate evil without at the same time rendering it impossible to accomplish other
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