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A major preoccupation with contemporary South American novelists as seen with Gabriel Marquezs 100 years of solitude and Isabelle Allendes The house of the spirits is the traditional and long lasting conflict between the Liberals and the conservatives Although a common preoccupation with Marquez Allende and various other Latin American novelists the manner in which this preoccupation is expressed varies considerably depending on the author In 100 years of solitude Marquez looks to satire in all its forms to express this preoccupation This is contrasted with Allendes The House of the Spirits in which she uses conflict in ideologies between generations as her method of exposition as seen for instance in the conflict between Esteban Trueba a true conservative and his grandaughter Alba To see how Garcia and Allende treat political issues we must first examine why they chose to examine them When Marquez wrote his first works Colombia suffered the second greatest American fratricidal war of the twentieth century as a result of the assassination of the popular Liberal leader Jorge Eliecer Gaitan in 1948 His novels examine in his words motives for that violence The importance of politics in the Novel is reflected in the choice of title 100 years of solitude which correspond to the 100 years between the formation of Colombia in 1830 to 1930 when Conservative homogeny ended Allende on the other hand was the niece of the first Socialist president in Chile who was killed following the Coup The Oxford Dictionary defines satire as a piece in which prevalent follies or vices are assailed with ridicule or serious denunciation This is exactly what Marquez has done Hyperbole is well used in the novel in the form of Magical realism Marquez believed that Magical Realism provides a magnifying glass so readers can understand reality better as quoted in Playboy interview We first see this used in the opening pages of the novel where Marquez describes the world as so recent
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