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There are many issues that plague our cities today and one of these most prominent issues is spatial mismatch First let me define the phrase spatial mismatch It means that employers who are looking to hire unskilled or semi-skilled workers are far from potential employees in the city or inner-ring suburbsRegionwise pg 4 However there are plans and solutions that can help eliminate this situation Theory Individuals without efficient transportation are not able to obtain these out of reach job opportunities according to conflict theory Conflict theory associates itself by who has the power over resources therefore consequences that arise from this phenomenon are the desertion of downtown which diminishes our regional competitiveness worsens traffic congestion increases the costs of highways and other infrastructure separates the rich and the poor the have and have nots and abandons structures that could still be used Region Wise pg 18 Due to conflict theory those individuals who come from low income families are considered to be insubordinate because of their position in society which causes spatial mismatch Issue When jobs are returned to the city and closer to potential employees it raises incomes lowers the unemployment rate and creates revenue for other businesses currently in the area Some of the other businesses that would benefit are grocery stores restaurants and retail shops If people have an increased income they are likely to spend more money and they will do so in places central to their location Among their recommendations to enhance employment opportunities for central city residents were the creation of improved public transit links between ghetto neighborhoods and new job locations in the suburbs National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders 1968 Years later the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 promised to improve the mobility of the economically disadvantaged through intermodal connections between people and jobs goods and markets and neighborhoods httpwww-gsbstanfordeduresearchfacultynewsreleasesrobertofernandezfernandhtm Also the city with the reintroduction of jobs is
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