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TAKE HOME ESSAY 13 METHODS OF CONTRACEPTION Various methods of birth control have been practiced for thousands of years yet most of these primitive methods were highly unreliable or not effective Not until the 19th century were more reliable methods of contraception developed even more developments in the 20th century have recently led to methods of contraception which are the most effective ever Effectiveness is the most important factor to consider when choosing a method of contraception for you and your partner the side effects should also be considered Effectiveness is measured in terms of its failure rate or probability of failure This probability is calculated by determining the number of sexually active women out of 100 who become pregnant in the course of a year while relying on a particular method Allgeier and Allgeier 1995 p305 The effectiveness of the contraceptive is measured in terms of both the theoretical and the actual failure rate Theoretical failure rate is the number of failures that occur when the method is used correctly Allgeier and Allgeier 1995 p305 The failure is due to the method of contraception not performing properly such as breaking of a condom In contrast The actual failure rate is the total number of pregnancies that occur as a result of either failure of the method or failure to use a method correctly Allgeier and Allgeier 1995 p305 such as improper placement of the diaphragm on the cervix because of improper installation Lack of education on contraceptive use is one of the main reasons that the actual failure rate is usually higher than that of the theoretical failure rate In the following pages I will discuss the various types of contraceptives used in todays societies along with their advantages and disadvantages The diaphragm is a dome shaped cap made from a soft rubber which is designed to fit inside the vagina and cover the cervix It was the first method of
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