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Introduction Background In May of 1977 Daniel Levinson constructed a model of the seasons of a mans life His developmental theory consists of universal stages or phases that extends from the infancy state to the elderly state Most development theories such as Freuds psychosexual development theory or Piagets cognitive development theory end in the adolescent stage of life Levinsons stage theory is important because it goes beyond most theories assuming that development continues throughout adult life Levinson based his model on biographical interviews of 40 American men These 40 men were between 35 to 45 years in age and they worked as either biology professors novelists business executives or industrial laborers The biographical interviews lasted one or two hours and ranged from six to ten interviews for each subject The questions asked focused on the subjects life accounts in their post adolescent years The interviews focused on topics such as the mens background education religion political beliefs and major events or turning points in their lives Levinsons concept of life structure the mens socio-cultural world their participation in their world and various aspects of themselves is the major component in Levinsons theory The life structure for each person evolves through the developmental stages as peoples age Two key concepts in Levinsons model are the stable period and the transitional period in a persons development The stable period is the time when a person makes crucial choices in life builds a life structure around the choices and seeks goals within the structure The transitional period is the end of a persons stage and the beginning of a new stage Levinsons model contains five main stages They are the pre-adulthood stage age 0 - 22 the early adulthood stage age 17 - 45 the middle adult stage age 40 - 65 the late adulthood stage age 60 - 85 and the late late adult stage age 80 plus Levinson states the shift from one era to
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