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In the defining moments of our class lectures with Dr Rader he stated that political realism can act as the theoretical glue that holds together all competing models and islands of theory He defined the four organizing concepts which Machiavelli developed as his theory of political realism These include powersecurityself-interest and human nature In the first half of the 1900s Hans Morgenthau a University of Chicago political scientist revamped and updated Machiaqvellis theory in his book Politics Among Nations The Struggle for Power and Security His basic thesis states that statesmen and politicians think and act in terms of self-interest defined as power and there is an amorality of power and politics His book became a bible for foreign policy makersRader Intro Background part 3124Taking Morgenthaus six principles of political realism and using them to assess the foreign policy of the following presidents Washington Jefferson Monroe Polk McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt it is easy to see why the latter has become known as the first modern president in foreign policyWith the assassination of Pres Mckinley in 1901 Theodore Roosevelt became President McKinley had already begun the vast mobilization of the US Navy set up a commission for the isthmus canal planning and begun the colonial movement in Asia and the Caribbean President Roosevelt continued with the plans Pres Mckinley had implemented but with the impetus that would mark him as the preeminent world leader of his time He exploited what former presidents had harbored and with his direction the United States became the new center of the world balance of power Merrill 486Morganthau states in two of his principles concerning political realism that human nature is motivated by laws of self-interest and statesmen act and think in terms of self-interest defined as power Everything that Teddy Roosevelt did regarding foreign policy could be defined as the self-interest of the state and as classic examples of political power in motionFrom the very beginning of our
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