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THE MUGHAL ANCESTRY Akbars grandfather Babar founded the Mughal dynasty Babar was a direct descendent of Timur Lane from his fathers Barlas Turk side and of Chengiz Khan the Mongol from his mothers side The name Mongol had become synonymous with barbarian by the 16 th century CE hence Babar was proud of his ancestry from Timur whose descendents were regarded as cultured Turks In a twist of poetic justice the dynasty founded by Babar became known through out the world as Mughal - an adaptation of Mughul the Persian word for Mongol1 In Marathi also Mughals are referred to as Mongal which is close to Mongol Babars son Humayun was defeated by Sher Shah Sur an Afgan at the battle of Chausa on 26 June 1539 But Humayun later defeated Sikandar Shah Sur in 1555 to regain Delhi SECOND BATTLE OF PANIPAT AND HOW AKBAR BECAME GHAZI On 24 th January 1556 CE Mughal ruler Humayun slipped while climbing down the steps of his library and fell to his death The heir to the Mughal throne 13 year old Akbar was then campaigning in Punjab with his chief minister Bairam Khan On February 14 1556 in a garden at Kalanaur Akbar was enthroned as emperor The other rivals for the throne of Delhi were the three Afgan princes of Sher Shah However the main threat to Akbars future came not from the Afgan princes but from a Hindu Hemu the Hindu chief minister of Afgan prince Adil Shah led a surprise attack on Delhi in October 1556 The Mughal forces under its governor Tardi Beg Khan panicked and went into a sudden ignominious flight This was Hemus twenty second consecutive victory in successive battles After the capture of Delhi Hemu set up himself as an independent ruler under the Hindu title of Raja Vikramaditya At this juncture against the advice of most nobles Akbar and Bairam Khan took a courageous decision to
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