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STUDY GUIDE FOR FIRST TEST - HINDUISM What is the name of the scriptures of Hinduism When were they written Which part of them describes the philosophical beliefs of Hinduism Vedas was written in 1500 BC Philosophical sections upanishads are included The hymn sections are the oldest The others were added at a later date and each explains some aspect of the hymns or follows one line of interpreting them What are the four goals in life in Hinduism What is the Path of Desire What is the Path of renunciation Why is the path of renunciation important Like other aspects of Hinduism the goals are split between those emphasized by the life is good perspective and those emphasized by the life is bad perspective The three life-affirming goals are Dharma virtueArtha success and Kama pleasure while the life-negating goal is that of mosksha release The path of renunciation is Pleasure-power-training one of the steps enumerated in raja yoga the final renunciation of all desire as a sine qua non condition of phenomenal powers and entrance on the direct path of Nirvana The compound itself points out that by abandoning the lower desires and pleasures one enters upon the path of obtaining the celestial joys and vast expansion of faculty and its spiritual use although even this last is finally abandoned for a still higher stage What is Brahman What are avatars What is henotheism Brahman is the breath of all existence invoked by sacrificial rituals The Absolute the Supreme Reality it is omnipresent In Hinduism the ultimate impersonal reality underlying everything in the universe from which everything comes and to which it returns Lord Vishnus preserving protecting powers have been manifested to the world in a variety of forms called Avatars in which one or more of his divine attributes were embodied in the shape of a human being or an animal or a human-animal combined form possessing
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