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National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Born from the Niagara Movement led by William E B DuBois the NAACP has had a volatile birth and a lively history Beifuss 17E4 The impetus for the creation of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People came in the summer of 1908 Severe race riots in Springfield Illinois prompted William English Walling to write articles questioning the treatment of the Negro Reading the articles Mary White Ovington and Dr Henry Moskowitz were compelled to meet with Walling Consequently the three along with a group of black and white citizens had considered the present state of the Negro disfranchised in the South and taxed while going unrepresented in the government a national conference needed to be held to answer the Negro Question Jenkins It was then that the idea of NAACP was created February 12 1909 Lincolns birthday a conference to review the progress that the nation made since Emancipation Proclamation and to celebrate Lincolns birthday took place Thereupon a statement now known as The Call was released This statement reiterated the treatment of the black race since 1865 Many notable figures in history signed The Call eg Ida Wells Barnett Jane Adams WEB DuBois and John Dewey In a matter of two months another conference was held As a result of that conference the NAACP was born A distinct factor of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People which set it apart from its congruent movement the Niagara Movement was involvement of both races The early success was due in large part to the interracial membership Franklin 91 A large part of the membership consisted of white socialist and liberals Franklin For some time the NAACP was white-led In time the Association became black dominated Specifically under the guidance of James Weldon Johnson During the rule of Johnson the NAACP began to form its
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