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Word Count: 917
The native inhabitants of Chile are a people called the Araucanos When Chile was first discovered in 1520 by Portuguese explorer Magellen most of Chile was dominated by these people This Native American tribe was known for their remarkable fighting abilitys Chile was discovered Pedro de Valdivia Diego de Almargo and Ferdinand Magellen Magellen landed on the Chilo Island following his voyage in 1520 through a strait which now bears his name When Chile was discovered by Magellen it was called Tchili meaning snow Pedro de Valdivia led a second expedition into southern Chile in 1540 Valdivia overcame the fierce resistance of the Araucanos and succeeded in establishing several settlements These settlements included Santiago in 1541Santiago is now the capital of Chile Concepcin in 1550 and Valdivia in 1552 However only 3 years after Vabliva set up his first settlement in Chile the Araucanians organized and in a successful uprising killed Valdivia and many of his followers leaving only Concepcin and La Serena The monetary unit used in Chile is one that is used in so many different Hispanic countries this monetary unit is called the Peso The present governmental status of Chile is a Republican one The executive branch of the Chilean government holds 3 branches which are chief of state head of government and a cabinet The chief of state and head of government role is played by the same person which is elected by popular vote for a six year term The last election was held on December 121999 in which presiding president Ricardo Lagos Escobar won by only three percent of the votes against Joaquin Lavin The cabinet is appointed by the residing president for the length of his six year
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