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Word Count: 565
In The Nature and Value of Rights Joel Feinberg begins by creating an imaginary town Nowheresville in which none of its inhabitants have any rights They can be as moral righteous and caring as we feel like imagining but they have no rights and do not respect the rights of others because they do not exist However duties are allowed into our imaginary world Their duties are not to individuals though since this would indicate they have rights but instead to society God and the law Feinberg then asks whether this is even possible He states a principle called the logical correlativity of rights and duties that insists all duties entail other peoples rights and all rights entail other peoples duties He later proves this wrong by explaining that we currently use the word duty to describe anything we feel that we must do not just because we feel we owe it to someone else to perform the action He explains that the duty in the principle is connected to the personal desert This is where someone feels that they have earned something He uses the example that in the real world it is difficult to get away without giving a tip because of this attitude but in Nowheresville a person would only be grateful for such a notion and would not be angry if they did not receive it because they did not deserve or earn it The rest of the article seems to start anew forgetting about the proposed Nowheresville and concentrating solely on definitions He explains the subtleties between rights against and rights to as well as the difference between making a claim claiming that and having a claim This is where I became disappointed with the article At first the challenge of imagining Nowheresville and what type of actions and duties were allowed without rights gave way for an excellent article When Feinberg begins to write about the definitions though his
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