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The Novotny regime in Czechoslovakia fell in December 1968 due to lack of economic reforms unresolved political problems of the Slovak part of the country and Novotnys failure to deal with growing friction between the regime and the countrys intellectuals and students Dubcek was appointed the new president however during the Prague Spring the reforms that were brought in by the new leadership began to pose many problems Although according to several sources Moscow felt it necessary to introduce some economical reform in Czechoslovakia one of the most faithful Warsaw allies the extent to which the Spring went proved too far for the orthodox leaders of the Soviet Union After trying to put pressure on Dubcek to make him halt back the reforms USSR came to the final decision - invasion On August 21st Czechoslovakia was invaded by the Warsaw Pact troops This essay looks at the situation that developed in Czechoslovakia during the memorable Spring of 1968 and focuses on the factors that finally pushed USSR towards invading one of its allies Behind the invasion were sets of considerations political as well as military I will assess the importance of these considerations in the essay When in the winter of 1967 Novotny invited Brezhnev to help him against opposition within Czechoslovakia Brezhnev washed his hands off the affair saying Its your business The relaxed attitude at this stage suggests that Moscow felt it was time to introduce some reforms in Czechoslovakia in order to modernize the country where under Novotny the economy had atrophied and the morale had sunk A few days after Brezhnevs visit the revolt against Novotnys regime came into the open at a Czech Central Committee plenum Shortly thereafter at the plenum of January 3-5 1968 Alexander Dubcek replaced Novotny as party secretary It is interesting to look at the question of new leadership in Czechoslovakia to what
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