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Word Count: 3,319
Resulting in part from the libertarian and egalitarian ideals of the French Revolution the romantic movements had in common only a revolt against the prescribed rules of classicism The basic aims of romanticism were various a return to nature and to belief in the goodness of humanity the rediscovery of the artist as a supremely individual creator the development of nationalistic pride and the exaltation of the senses and emotions over reason and intellect In addition romanticism was a philosophical revolt against rationalism On the contrary classicism is a term that when applied generally means clearness elegance symmetry and repose produced by attention to traditional forms It is sometimes synonymous with excellence or artistic quality of high distinction More precisely the term refers to the admiration and imitation of Greek and Roman literature art and architecture Because the principles of classicism were derived from the rules and practices of the ancients the term came to mean the adherence to specific academic canons The major differences between Neo-Classicism and Romanticism Romanticism pledged to the fulfillment of the hearts desire But classicism put faith in intellect Romanticism rejected every rule that might destroy the full expression of self Classicism insisted that the creative instinct must be subjected to rule Romanticism was a way of feeling and it became a way of life Classicism was a way of thought Romanticism embraces the concepts of the unattainable beyond the limits of society Classicism embraced nobility grandeur and virtue The Romantic hero pits himself against a hostile environment and at no time comes to terms with it A classical hero has no control and triumphs nobly in this acquiescence otherwise he would not be a hero Romantics verse Realists and Naturalists have different views of nature It will show how Romantics had a deepened appreciation of the beauties of nature And how Realists and Naturalists rarely if ever found nature to be appreciative for it beauties Romantics found
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