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After the success of the First Five Year Plan the Seventeenth PartyCongress formally adopted the Second Five Year Plan covering the years 1933-1937 in January 1934 To overcome the lacking of iron and steel the SecondPlan ordered construction of forty-five new blast furnaces one hundred andsixty-four open-hearth furnaces and one hundred and seven rolling mills Othergoals of the second plan were an expansion of machine tool production thedevelopment and production of non-ferrous metals and the improvement anddouble-tracking of the main railroad lines Dmytryshyn 159The results of the Second Five Year Plan were that some items reachedtheir estimated targets while others lagged behind Overall by the end of theSecond Five Year Plan the Soviet Union was emerging as a strong industrialcountry It possessed increased capability to produce iron steel coal andelectric power It also had a whole new range of new industries includingaviation tractor locomotive chemical aluminum nickel and tin The SovietUnion now had a well-established industrial base capable of further expansionand growth Dmytryshyn 160-161Although rapid industrialization helped improve Russia it hurt theworkers Industrialization moved so fast and was often so poorly planned thatdisasters frequently resulted Marrin 102 The amount of work that hadto be put in was also hard on the workers The workers had to work longer underStalin than when they were ruled by the tsars Depending on the industry theyworked between forty-eight and sixty hours a week Sundays included Marrin 103Once the industrial Five Year Plans started to roll Stalin decided tomake some agricultural changes to support the industrialization In April 1928Stalin presented the draft of a new land law Although the draft failed tobecome a law it showed a couple of Stalins objectives One was the rapid andforcible collectivization of the peasants in order to industrialize the countryquickly The other was the liquidation of the kulaks as a class Kulaks wereclassified as Those peasants who were either industrious or more prosperousthan their neighbors or simply those who
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