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When examining ancient and modern evidence on Sparta its political leadership could be perceived to be in the control of the elders the dual kingship and the ephors alone However for one to agree with CGThomas and confirm the accuracy of the above statement the political significance of the apella and the democratic system in ancient Sparta would have to be ignored Herodotus has suggested the kings and their twenty-eight elders were the most powerful figures involved with politics in ancient Sparta When referring to the two kings in his book The Histories he states and the power of declaring war on whom they please In this no Spartan may attempt to oppose their decision This quote visibly shows that even the assembly may not question or attempt to rebut a decision made by a king this is evidently not the working of a democratic society In saying that modern historian HMichel disagrees as through his research he has found Sparta was a thriving democratic society This is shown by the quote the constitutional system of the Spartan state was an excellent one and escaped many of the weaknesses and dangers of that extreme form of democracy found in Athens and in democracies of the present dayH Michel To escape many of the weaknesses and dangers certainly this includes eliminating any form of aristocracy According to Plutarch this was not so as he strongly suggests the ephors were just a fa for democracy while strengthening the aristocracy When referring to the ephors he has written and even though it appeared to be to the peoples advantage in fact it strengthened the aristocracy Aristotle would unquestionably argue this as he has found the ephors to be making the democratic system stronger for an aristocracy has turned into a democracy He even continues to state that the kings were obliged to side with them even the kings are compelled to curry favour with them Therefore
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