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In this paper I will examine the political philosophies of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke I will investigate both mens ideas individually and offer my own views on their theories I will conclude the paper by comparing and contrasting the notions introduced in their respective writings Thomas Hobbes was born in Wiltshire England in 1588 He lived in one of the most unsettled periods in English history Following a rebellion against King Charles there resulted a civil war which began in 1642 As a consequence of this political instability Hobbes was forced into exile in November of 1640 He remained abroad living on the continent for approximately eleven years During this period he worked and conversed with many of the great philosophers of his time It was while in Paris in 1640 that Hobbes finally matured the plan for his own philosophical work It was to consist of three treatises dealing respectively with matter or body with human nature and with society It was his intention he says to have dealt with these issues in this order but his country was in turmoil with concerns regarding the rights of dominion and the obedience due from the sovereigns subjects As a result of this Hobbes began instead with his examination of society When stable government seemed to have been re-established by the Commonwealth he had his ideas published in London The same year 1651 saw the publication of his greatest work Leviathan and his own return to England which now promised a safer shelter to the philosopher than France where he feared the clergy and was no longer in favour with the remnant of the exiled English court The last twenty-eight years of Hobbes long life were spent in England Hobbes philosophy can be described as materialistic and mechanicalistic He believed everything is matter One cannot differentiate between matter life and mind To describe social reality Hobbes would argue is like describing
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