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Word Count: 621
The mystique of The Primitive was a very significant influence on early Twentieth Century art movements especially Fauvism and Cubism Artists were beginning to reject traditional painting styles and the death of Queen Victoria was extremely significant The invention of the camera meant that people were now able to take photographs This meant that artists would not necessarily need to be employed in order to paint rich peoples portraits The term Fauvism was coined by art critic Louis Vauxcelles who after seeing the 1905 Salon dAutomne exhibition in Paris described the artists as Les Fauves meaning wild beasts Fauvism was a relatively short movement last only about three years The artists involved belong to either Le Havre group or Ecole des Beaux-Arts group Two of the main artists from this period were Henri Matisse and Andr Derain They were influenced by the German Philosopher Nietzche as well as poetry written by Stephan Mallarme Matisse studied under Gustave Moreau Traditional and materialistic painting styles were rejected Artists had begun to be influenced by primitive artworks such as African masks and there were also Egyptian Iberian and Oceanic influences Henri Matissess The Green Stripe is a portrait of Madame Matisse Sections of the painting are barely painted and her face has a brilliant intentional pea green stripe which has been painted from her forehead to her chin dividing her face The primitive influence is evident here as her face has been painted using dark lines looking very similar to an African mask There is a slight oriental feel to Matisses work especially the patterns that have been used in Harmony in Red Andr Derains Westminster Bridge has little perspective and makes strong use of juxtaposed colour and complimentary contrasts His exciting use of blue and orange should be noted as well as his use of green and red in London Bridge Flat colour is used usually straight from the tube onto a raw
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