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Existentialism which spread rapidly over continental Europe after the First World War is essentially the analysis of the condition of man of the particular state of being free and of mans having constantly to use his freedom in order top answer the ever-changing and unexpected challenges of the day According to the Existentialists the starting point of every philosophical investigation is concrete human existence That means that human personality in itself should point the way to the absolute value of A single definition of existentialism is impossible Definitions provided by dictionaries are only part of what existentialism is aboutcentral to each definition is the assertion that existentialism is a theory or statement about the nature of mans existence 1The term is so difficult to define because unlike other terms existentialism is not universal In other words there are no two existentialists which share exactly the same values or beliefs Although here is one major theme a stress on individual existence subjectivity individual freedom and choiceThere are two kinds of existentialist first those who are Christian and on the other hand the atheistic existentialists Many unfamiliar with the subject people associate existentialism with atheism but they are wrong The truth is that the majority of Sartre which we place among atheists stress that central concern of philosophy is human existence He says that human being is a special kind of consciousness being-for-itself Everything else is matter being-in-itself He believes that human being has no God-given essence and is absolutely free and absolutely responsible According to him anguish is the result of the absolute freedom and responsibility He also says that human existence is absurd and unjustified Therefore the goal of human being is to justify Sartre believes that there are those in our history who have established a religion to reassure nothing more than what he calls a fundamental project That means that when we become anguished by the affairs of life we pursue a fundamental
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