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Word Count: 590
Printmaking is of great significance to art Prints differ from most other works of art in two important respects First theyre made by an indirect process The artist creates the surface in which makes the work of art Second the printmaking results in many nearly identical images In contrast it is known as an art of multiples Here a comparison of Intaglio and Lithography will be done Using Mary Cassatts Woman Bathing drypoint and aquatint and Kathe Kollwitzs Death and the Mother lithograph to extinguish the variant processes of the latter two Aquatint is a technique used to achieve tonal areas in an intaglio plate Drypoint is a method of intaglio printmaking in which the artist scratches directly on the metal plate with a sharp instrument such as an etching needle When the drypoint line is scratched into the metal plate the tool creates a ragged burr on either side of the line This burr as well as the incised line itself hold a great deal of ink and are responsible for the characteristic feathery nature of the lines Depicted in Mary Cassatts piece are variant color tones printed in aquatint using the technique of drypoint Here a woman is bathing in front of a mirror with half of her dress on her hips exposing her flesh on her upper body The lithograph differs from intaglio in that it is a planographic process which means that printing surface is flat and not depressed Lithography is when the artist draws on the stone or plate using a greasy medium such as a wax crayon The surface is then dampened with water which is repelled by the greasy areas sticking only to the sections of the plate that have not been drawn on Ink is then applied to the plate with a roller and this sticks only to the greasy sections as the water protects the rest of the plate The stone or plate is then covered
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