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Word Count: 543
Many people today assume automatically that technology is progress Still there is some criticism of this view in America partially because of 20th century wars and arms races Marx visited China in 1984 and it seemed as though the Chinese were incredibly optimistic about western technology and had little sense any problems that technology might create Where did this idea of technology as progress come from and where do the roots of distrust of technology come from Early Americans like Ben Franklin saw technology as a means to achieving social and political liberation for the masses it was part of the revolt from authoritarianism If some technology especially the factory system would jeopardize these social and political goals then that thing isnt worth its price in quality of life and should be rejected As America became more industrialized the new industrialists who had both money and power came to see the technology which they helped produce as an end in itself or as a means to more purely economic ends The used phrases like manifest destiny and the conquest of nature to help justify the increasing forces of technology even at the cost of the environment or Native Americans all in the name of civilization Technological advancement is seen as advancement period regardless of what social and political changes it might bring There was a great deal of optimism that if we continue to make scientific innovations the rest--quality of life and social and political ideals--will take care of itself automatically The technocratic ideal which sees everything as parts of the machine began to take control and humanitarian goals like justice freedom and self-fulfillment became secondary Technology was accepted unquestioningly and efficiency and scientific progress were the main goals This is the stage that the Chinese seem to be at says Marx However there was some backlash from the technocratic view Emerson Thoreau and others questioned whether we were remaking America for the better and
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