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Word Count: 1,497
The process of narration in film or indeed any other media text can be defined as the means through which a story is told There are two main types of narration omniscient and restrictive In omniscient narration the audience knows more than any of the characters in a scene but with restrictive the audience has only the same knowledge as the characters on screen at a particular time Vladimir Propp and Tzvetan Todorov defined the classical Hollywood narrative with their two different theories Todorov argued that every fictional narrative includes a state of equilibrium then a disruption to the balance by an event Some sort of recognition would then be made followed by an attempt to repair the damage caused by the disruption- usually resulting in a return to another more stable situation though not necessarily of the same nature Propp noticed that most narratives include similar characters who contribute to the story in quite specific ways He identified the hero the villain he donor the dispatcher the false hero the helper the princess and her father Each character had their own function for example the hero was the character seeking something and the job of the villain was to stop the hero in their quest At the beginning of Psycho the audience is obliged to take the view of Marion Crane Janet Leighs character She is introduced by a shot that pans a city skyline picking out her hotel room window where she has apparently spent the afternoon with her lover Sam Loomis The scene is set precisely by displaying the date time and location Phoenix Arizona Friday December the Eleventh Two forty-three pm Psychos director Alfred Hitchcock stated the reason for this was to illustrate the fact that Sam and Marion were having an affair- mid afternoon being the only time the girl has to go to bed with her lover The audience identify with Marion immediately The viewers
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