scroll to top
Stuck on your essay?
Get ideas from this essay and see how your work stacks up
Word Count: 373
The Provinces and the Federal System The three areas of federal and provincial relations where decentralization is made evident are as follows First and foremost is the Judicial Interpretation When the first Canadian laws were drawn up in1867 Canadas final appeal in constitutional decisions was the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in London England In section 91 of the 1867 act in the Peace Order and Good Government Clause POGG all powers in section 92 are left to the federal government In this section there were 29 examples given of federal power It was later decided that these examples were real federal government powers and ignored the POGG clause except in time of national emergency This as a result of decentralization and the ways certain laws were interpreted made the difference between federal and provincial jurisdiction An example of this change would be the Toronto Electric Commissioners vs Snider 1925 were the federal legislation to deal with serious strikes was ruled unconstitutional because labour and management relations fall under the matters of property and civil rights which is provincial jurisdiction and could only be subject to federal legislation if it were an emergency The second area where decentralization is made evident is in federal and provincial finance At confederation the federal government was originally given the power to levy all kinds of taxes while the province could only tax directly As a result of decentralization both government were more or less independent of each other on taxing and spending An example of this would be the fact that both governments levy their own taxes eg corporate and personal tax Since WWII the levels government of government are becoming more intertwined in federal and provincial financial matters such as provinces levying a percentage of the federal tax The third area where decentralization is evident is in the grants the provinces receive from the federal government The federal government gives the provinces money for
@Kibin is a lifesaver for my essay right now!!
- Sandra Slivka, student @ UC Berkeley
Wow, this is the best essay help I've ever received!
- Camvu Pham, student @ U of M
If I'd known about @Kibin in college, I would have gotten much more sleep
- Jen Soust, alumni @ UCLA