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The late Qing reforms introduced by the Empress Dowager in the decade following the Boxer Rebellion were highly significant in leading China into a more modern nation The several reforms shaped the numerous aspects of Chinese society The reforms that were instituted fueled the fire that led to the Wuhan Rebellion in 1911 and the fall of the Qing The major reforms that were introduced by the Empress dowager after the Boxer Rebellions were reforms on education the military and constitutionalism These reforms were chosen because they were needed in china The Chinese political infrastructure needed to be renovated China wanted to progress as a nation and looked towards their neighbor Japan and Western sources for enlightenment The introduction of reforming the education system was one of great importance The curriculum that was introduced was modernized The old Neo-Confucian orthodoxy was old and needed to be abolished if the Chinese were to advance The old curriculum required the reading of the Classics This is in essence was useless to the Chinese in their present time because it didnt teach them any practical knowledge They could not use the information learned in the Classics and apply them to the situations that they were facing Subjects that included math philosophy and science were introduced as important subjects that needed to be studied Another important part of China was the exam system The reform of this system was also a mandate because of the changing wave of restructuring that was taking place in China Spence states Guangxu ordered the abolition of the highly stylized format known as the eight-legged essay which had structured the exams for centuries The termination of this exam system was an excellent proposal because the information that was stressed upon was becoming useless The school system was retrograded and
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