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Word Count: 1,610
Until recently there were some areas of the world that had remained fairly unaffected by AIDS Today there is not a single country in the world which has totally escaped the AIDS epidemic As the epidemic has grown a few of the developed nations which were affected most in the 80s such as the United States have reported a slowing in the rate of new infections and a stabilization among existing cases with lower mortality rates However despite ever-changing global AIDS pandemic one issue has remained unchanged no region of the world bears a higher AIDS-related burden than sub-Saharan Africa I will examine the demographic effects of AIDS in Africa focusing on the most affected countries of sub-Saharan Africa and consider the present and future impact of the AIDS epidemic on major issues such as fertility mortality life expectancy gender age and family structure Although the sub-Saharan region accounts for just 10 of the worlds population 225 million of the 334 million people living with HIVAIDS in 1998 lived within one of the 34 countries of sub-Saharan Africa and of all AIDS deaths since the epidemic started 83 have occurred in sub-Saharan Africa Baylies 62 Among children under age 15 living with HIVAIDS 90 live in sub-Saharan Africa as do 95 of all AIDS orphans Within the sub-Saharan nations 1 out of every 4 adults is HIV-positive Baylies 64 Taxing low-income countries with health care systems insufficient in handling the weight of non-AIDS related illnesses AIDS has ruined many of the sub-Saharan African economies The impact of AIDS on the region is now changing mortality and fertility rates reducing lifespan which ultimately affects population growth Even thought Africa is the region of the world that is most affected by AIDS and although no country has entirely escaped its effects the commonness varies between the countries The southern region is the most affected with Botswana Namibia Swaziland and Zimbabwe showing the highest rates while West Africa
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