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Word Count: 1,287
Platos Republic is mainly the discussion of justice versus injustice and the task of defining each To figure out how to grasp a definition Socrates Glaucon and Adeimantus set to creating a Just City as a model for the individual Eventually they come to the point of seizing the land of neighbors discovering the origins of war 373 e With war as a factor they must create guardians not only to fight to gain land but also to protect the city Socrates states that the work of the guardians is most important it requires most freedom from other things and greatest skill and devotion 374 e From this quotation the reader realizes that the guardian class which contains rulers and the auxiliary will be one of the primary focuses of the Just City To better the quality of the city Socrates creates ideal traits for the guardians They must have keen senses speed and physical strength while being courageous and spirited 375 a-b This spiritedness which is known as thumos includes desire passion need for revenge obedience longing for honor and tends to prefer war to peace While this combination of ingredients makes for a good warrior it raises some problems for a regular citizen functioning within a city According to Socrates the guardians must be gentle to their own people and harsh to the enemy 375 c This is one of the most crucial elements of discussion in Republic the idea of how to make a class of people that is spirited yet gentle warlike yet peaceful Socrates attempts to moderate the thumos of the Just Citys guardian class to make them an ideal group of defenders warriors leaders and citizens through a very specific education in poetry which includes censorship and brainwashing Education is the transfer of knowledge from a teacher to a student Therefore the teacher has the ability to control what the student knows Socrates hopes that the guardian class of
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