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Alliteration the repition of initial identical consonant sounds in successive or closely associated words or syllables Example storm and stress long lean and lanky Assonance the repitition of similar vowel sounds in conjunction with dissimilar consonant in the line Example eerie creaky squeals and screeches peel forth beyond our feeble reaches Allusion a reference to another work or famous figure what is assumed to be well-known enough to be recognized by the reader Consonance the repitition of identical consonant sounds before and after different vowel sounds Example boost best fulfill ping-pong Diction deliberate word choice for the purpose of gaining a desired effect End Rhyme the last word in a line of poetry rhymes with the last word in another line Example tapping at my chamber door- only this and nothing more Imagery words or phrases that use a collection of images to appeal to one or more of the five senses in order to create a mental picture for the reader Example auditory hearing visual sight tactile touch olfactory smell gustatory taste Internal Rhyme words within one line in poetry rhyme with one another Example While I nodded nearly napping suddenly there came a tapping Lyric Poetry brief subjective poetry strongly marked by imagination melody and emotion which creates for the reader a single unified impression Narrative Poetry non-dramatic poetry which tells a story or presents a narrative epics and ballads are examples Onomatopeia the use of words that sound like what they are Example hiss sizzle crack pop bang Repitition the use more than once of any element of language-a sound a word a phrase a clause a sentence used to create a musical effect and for emphasis Example In his famous civil rights speech M Luther King Jr repeats the words I have a dream eight times Rhyme Scheme a regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem the rhyme
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