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The Rise and Fall of the Italian Mafia in the US The Italian mafia was originally formed in the year 1282 as a terrorist and freedom fighter group It was a secret society to unite the native Sicilian people so that they could evade the attacks of the French and the Arabs In fact one of several contrived meanings of the word mafia is Morte Alla Franaise Italia Annella which means Death to France is Italys crymafiasite8mcom This early mafia group gained power by employing terroristic means to gain influence over the people In time the mafia grew in Italy and became a rather powerful group Benito Mussolini tried to destroy the Italian Mafia in the early 1900s so many mafia members immigrated to the US along with thousands of other Italians Nash 167 Thus the Italian mafia began its rise in the United States Over the time period of about 100 years the Italian mafia in America grew by using many different illegal methods and force to gain power and wealth but eventually began to fall apart due to wars between mafia families and arrests of top mafia bosses After migrating to America in the early 1900s the mafia branched out into 3 cities New York City Philadelphia and Chicago In New York the main center of mafia activity there were 5 main groups or families They were Joe Masserias gang Al Mineos gang The Castellamarese Clan Tom Reinas gang and Joe Profacis gang Because Joe Masseria was boss of the whole mafia he was obeyed by all of the other groups However the Castellamarese Clan which was run by Sal Maranzano did not obey the boss and therefore there was tension between the two gangs In the 1920s Masseria ordered a young Al Capone to go to Chicago to handle a problem However Al killed one of Maranzanos close friends so Maranzano was furious and the Castellamarese war began between the
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