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How would you account for the rise of nationalism in Scotland in the last thirty years Political parties and the media increasingly invoke nationalism as a vehicle to increase support or deter voters from the attraction of another party policy or culture Since the 1950s Scotland has diverged from England in its patterns of political behaviour and new nationalism has developed replacing the old romantic nationalism What initially began as a defensive reaction to constitutional arrangements within the Union contributed positively to the renegotiating of Scotlands rights This assertion of autonomy in Scotland was not necessarily due to a rise in fundamental nationalism rather the rise of modern nationalism in a form of autonomism reflected dissatisfaction with the Union The Scottish peoples preference for a welfare state was a key factor in the voting behaviour of the Scottish electorate yet dismissed by the Thatcher regime A convergence of left of centre political currents in Scotland preceded the 1997 referendum Furthermore the strengthening of national identity through political discourse and the media encouraged nationalist sentiment Whilst internally local government identified with the campaign for a Scottish parliament external factors such as the emergence of the European Union and the process of globalisation influenced the course of change and perceptions of a possible independent Scotland in Europe The last thirty years witnessed a large synthesis of reactionary forces from political and civil society combined with the positive belief that a Scottish Parliament would be more accountable and effective more responsive to women serving as a model for democracy The very idea of a rise of nationalism in Scotland assumes a common understanding of the concept of nationalism However differences can be made between the emotional romantic nationalist tradition whose origins trace back to the nineteenth century and a modern conception based on the notion of contractual rights sought by advocates of home rule This modern nationalism is not necessarily in favour of full independence
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