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Word Count: 1,711
Setting The story takes place in the 1890s in the lower Nigerian villages Iguedo and Mbanta in particular It portrays the clash between Nigerias white colonial government and the traditional culture of the indigenous Ibo people The Role of Women Women are expected to obey their husbands Achebe shows that the Ibo assign important roles to women For instance women painted the houses of the egwugwu Achebe 198684 Women are the primary educators of children Through story telling and behaviour they educate and socialize the children inspiring in them curiosity about social values and relationships The stories the women tell also develop the artistic consciousness of the children in addition to entertaining them Furthermore the first wife of the man in the Ibo society is paid some respect This compliance is illustrated by the palm wine ceremony at Nwakibies obi Anasi Nwakibies wife had not yet arrived and the others other wives could not drink before her Achebe 198622 The importance of womens role appears when Okonkwo is exiled to his motherland His uncle Uchendu noticing Okonkwos distress eloquently explains how Okonkwe should view his exile A man belongs to his fatherland when things are good and times are sweet But when there is sorrow and bitterness he finds refuge in his motherland A man has both joy and sorrow in his life and when the bad times come his mother is always there to comfort him Thus comes the saying Mother is supreme Although women are viewed as the property of first their fathers and then their husbands they can be assigned very important roles in the religion of the tribe Chielo is the priestess of the powerful god Agbala although she is an ordinary woman in the village Ibo Society and the Government Umuofia society is proud dignified and stable because it is governed by a complicated system of customs and traditions extending from birth through marriage to death
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