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Word Count: 294
The Romans founded a republic on the Italian Peninsula Italys geography and Romes location had to do a lot with the rise of Roman power The story of Romulus and Remus is used to explain the beginning of Rome Romulus and Remus were twin brothers They were the sons of Mars and a priestess It was said that they were abandoned and left to die A wolf saved the twins and a Shepard raised them When they were older the boys each founded villages one on the Aventine and the other on the Palatine hills The twins were fighting Remus decided to jump over Romuluss unfinished wall Romulus was so mad that he killed his brother and swore to do the same to whoever else shall leap over walls Romuluss village eventually became Rome after the two villages united The Romans used a form of government called a republic There were three groups of citizens that were used to govern Rome the Assembly of Centuries the Assembly of Tribes and the Senate The Assembly of Centuries declared war and peace and elected three magistrates public officials The three magistrates were 2 consuls chief executives praetors military commanders and judges and censors registered people according to wealth to determine how much they should pay in taxes The Assembly of Tribes elected the 10 tribunes officials The tribunes could veto the Senate The Senate was the most powerful of the groups of citizens The Senate was made of 300 men They could propose a citizen to be a dictator A dictator could only be in power for six months The two social classes were divided between the patricians aristocrats and the plebeians In 450BC the Romans wrote down their first laws on tablets know as the Twelve Tables
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