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We are about to explore the roots of two political systems totalitarianism and democracy Both forms exist in the modern world but the roots for each can be found in ancient Greece Both were bitter rivals and despised each other The form of culture of totalitarianism had its roots in the ancient Greek city-state of Sparta Totalitarianism means of relating to being or imposing a form of government in which the political authority exercises absolute and centralized control over all aspects of life the individual is subordinated to the state and opposing political and cultural expression is suppressed Within Sparta there existed three groups slaves known as Helots Spartan females who were taught to be fit brave and patriotic and Spartan males all of whom became warriors Newborn males judged to be weak were left to die of exposure At the age of seven boys left home to live in barracks and receive military training from older boys Boys went barefoot wore minimal clothing even in winter practiced all forms of athletics and received military instruction They married at age 20 but continued to live in the barracks The Helots provided the necessary food and labor for Spartan males and females The form of culture of democracy had its roots in the ancient Greek city-state of Athens In the ancient Greek city-state of Athens all citizens participated in Athenian governmental activities All citizens were equal before the law and participated in the government Slaves and women however were not allowed citizenship Athenians eventually abolished slavery and developed a direct democracy where citizens chose the members of the powerful Assembly Athenian youth were encouraged to develop artistic and intellectual talents to such a degree that historians refer to their developments in the arts and politics as a Golden Age After reading that most would be surprised to learn that between 480 and 324 BC Athens won more events in Olympic competition Sparta and Athens each had
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