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Introduction In 1987 the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody RCIADIC was established to investigate 99 Aboriginal deaths that occurred while in police custody or prison McDonald 1999 From this investigation the commission established a vivid profile of the lives of those who died - mostly young people who had experienced unemployment inadequate education separation from their families early contact with the criminal justice system poor health problems with alcohol as well as social and economic disadvantage McDonald 1999 Today Indigenous people are still heavily over-represented in custody and ultimately the cause of so many deaths in custody In this paper I will be explaining the criminalisation and imprisonment of John Peter Pat from Roebourne Western Australia - one of the 99 Aboriginal deaths in custody that the RCIADIC investigated John Pat died on 28 September 1983 in a police station lockup after receiving closed head injuries Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody 1991 In this paper my aims are to identify five major factors that explain John Pats pathway to crime and conflict with the law To do this I will begin by describing the life of John Pat and how he came to end up in police custody A summary of the Commissioners explanation of John Pats pathways to crime will then be presented which will lead into my discussion with the assistance of relevant secondary resources of the five factors that explain John Pats pathway to crime John Peter Pat John Peter Pat was born on 31 October 1966 to Mavis Pat and Len Walley of Roebourne located in the Pilbara region of Western Australia 1500 kilometres north of Perth RCIADIC Johnston 1991 The Pat family moved to Roebourne reserve when John was about nine after living at Mt Florence station The Roebourne reserve was located about a mile out of the town on the other side of the Harding River a popular place for Aboriginals
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