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It is the main task of epistemology to deal with some of the most fundamental and difficult questions of philosophy namely those concerning the problem of knowledge What if anything can we know and how can we justify this knowledge as being actual knowledge In attempting to give answers to these questions epistemology finds itself in a permanent battle with scepticism which often rejects possible solutions on the grounds of not being satisfactory The sceptic as Nozick puts it argues that we do not know what we think we do Even when he leaves us unconverted he leaves us confused Granting that we do know how can we Given these possibilities he poses how is knowledge possible 1 The sceptics reasoning is underpinned by a number of powerful arguments often based on various hypothetical situations We could imagine for instance that there is someone who is extremely powerful and malicious and cunning who employs all his efforts and industry to deceive us 2 It is also perfectly reasonable that we are only dreaming our whole life since there is no way for us to tell whether we are awake or asleep and only dreaming we are awake In all of these cases we would then have no guarantee that what we believe to be knowledge is actual knowledge or that we are justified in knowing something It seems however that we still can have certain knowledge without being set right by the sceptic But before examining this possibility a definition of knowledge has to be given Furthermore a distinction between two different types of knowledge has to be drawn whereby each will undergo the test of whether it is actual knowledge The traditional conception of knowledge is a tripartite one In order for someone S to know that p three conditions have to be satisfied First p must be true for it is not possible to know something which is
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