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One of the most promising and commonly misconceived branches of psychology is School Psychology Its potential lies in the fact that School psychologists are humanists first and therefore are especially interested in primary prevention not only in schools but in the community at large Phillips 1990 p47 The definition of school psychology and what it encompasses has been highly debated for several decades As the term school psychology is a misnomer it may lead one to believe that the field is strictly limited to therapy sessions within the school In actuality school psychology involves a myriad of responsibilities including but not limited to assessment intervention consultation research inservice education and supervision School psychology evolved in large part from the interest of American public schools especially those school systems in large cities in having more precise ways to identify and classify children for the purpose of providing special education Reynolds Gutkin 1982 p4 Furthermore school psychologys major goals have been to provide direct and indirect psychological services to children and youth to improve their mental health and educational development Reynolds Gutkin Elliot and Witt 1984 p1 Many of the greatest contributions to the field of school psychology are attributed to Lightner Whitmer Sir Francis Galton and Alfred Binet Through their brilliance creativity and innovation these individuals have succeeded in establishing the foundation of what is now known as school psychology Lightner Whitmer the acknowledged founder of both clinical and school psychology got them started Phillips 1990 p7 Sir Francis Galton is accredited with implementing one of the most imperative and commonly practiced aspects of school psychology he devised tests of vision hearing reaction time and discrimination and persuaded school personnel to keep systematic records of how students performed on such tests Reynolds Gutkin Elliot Witt 1984 p5 The achievements of Alfred Binet are far-reaching to say the least He has been credited with designing the first comprehensive test that established a standard for
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