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During the quest of an ancient road located in the west part of the Nile in the Sahara Egyptologists have discovered inscriptions that may have been examples of the earliest alphabet in the world While they were studying ancient travel roads in the south-west part of Egypt during the 1994-95 field season of the Theban Desert Road Suvey Dr Darnell and his wife Deborah made this discovery at Wadi el-Hol Their discovery was a key element in determining the period and the place of the origin of the alphabet Carved on soft stones cliffs those inscriptions were written between 1900 and 1800 BC The only words the researchers think to have understood are reading from right to left a chiefs title at the beginning and a reference to god at the end These inscriptions are located at Wadi el-Hol where soldiers and merchants traveled between Thebes and Abydos along the so-called Farshut Road This location was important due to its strategic implications regarding religious trade and military activity This leads us to think that the inscriptions are somewhat related to those activities as many of these inscriptions relate to soldiers and military activities Consequently the oldest alphabet was created within a militarizedeconomic setting to serve the main purposes of ancient civilization for its sustainable development There are many uncertainties about the period in which those inscriptions were carved Scholars used to describe it as isolated phenomenon an unparalleled southern exportation of Canaanite literacy Before this discovery scholars attributed the Serabi inscriptions to the early 18th Dynasty or in Albrights own low chronology between 1550 and 1450 BC Those old evidences of the oldest alphabet known as Serabit el-Kadem to which we refer as Proto-Sinaitic3 aging from approximately 1550 and 1450 BC were discovered in the Sinai and in the Syrian-Palestinian area when occupied by the ancient Canaanites Those examples known as the Proto-Sinaitic and Proto-Canaanites inscriptions were the main basis on which scholars
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