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The tradition of heterodox and orthodox take on different meaning when talking of Indian Philosophy compared with the western Christianity idea of these traditions To be orthodox one accepts the testimony of the Vedas according to Raju Raju also states that to be a heterodox one does not accept the testimony of the Vedas Raju 93 The philosophical traditions of Jainism and Buddhism are heterodox traditions or nastikas non-existence theorists The similarities of these two traditions is evident with their rejection to the Vedic authority which was the standard of the times before the common era Both Buddhism and Jainism not only have similarities in that they reject the testimony of the Vedas but other metaphysical epistemological and ethical ideals as well In Jainism and Buddhism arising within Brahmanism as non-theistic sectarian movements the Brahman priesthood and the Vedic caste and sacrifice eliminated The exclusion of certain Vedic authority such as the worship to the Vedic idea of the Brahman allowed Jainist and Buddhist to secure faith and support in the common people In the place of rejected Vedic authority a monastic system was evolved with monks and nuns devoted primarily to rigorous asceticism in the quest of perfection and in pursuit of chastity and truthfulness Soni 187 Complete detachment from all phenomenal possessions and connections in Jainism made paramount the mendicant life of meditation and spiritual exercise dependant upon the fulfillment of vows of poverty Tobais 108 The functions of priesthood were sublimated in process of self-salvation centered around the purpose of the deliverance of a suffering humanity from the cycles of rebirth Gopalan 51 Since in Buddhism desire was the fundamental burden of existence priestly intervention and sacrificial offerings were considered as of no avail in the pursuit of the Eightfold path leading to the peace of Nirvana Mizuno 14 Buddha himself was not interested in questions of metaphysics but did enunciate four basic truths The first truth is
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