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Moral Theories Philosophy has for thousands of years attempted to tell us how to live morally In this attempt there have been two major types of theories skeptical and non-skeptical To generalize skeptical theories conclude that ultimately we cannot compose a logical moral theory that we can apply to all situations and expect every individual to fallow Most of these theories make an argument of subjectivism claiming that humans are separated by either culture or just separated as self-interested individuals and that this separation does not allow us to morally judge anothers actions These theories also create no resolution in terms of group or individual cross conflict These theories can usually be dismissed quickly as being weak This leads us to a second group of non-skeptical theories these say that we can develop a moral theory that we can apply to all conflict and attempt to do so The most consistent and realistic of these theories seams to be Social Contract Theory Social Contract theory is centered on the concepts of individual rights and the Principal of Nondiscrimination Social Contract asks us to access the world from a completely uninformed personal state That is that the party does not know their age race sex social status natural abilities intelligence government type or past This state of non-determination is known as the Veil of Ignorance Also the party is to assume a natural environment like ours were resources are finite we are vulnerable and that we are generally self interested This state is referred to as the Original Position With these given circumstances in mind the theory asks us to decide what type of environment we would agree to enter into This then leads the logical party to desire a few key rights such as as much liberty as possible equal rights to rule on and participate in legislative processes equal nonbiased economic opportunity and a society that conforms to the Principal of Nondiscrimination
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