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Smith-Magenis Syndrome Smith-Magenis Syndrome SMS is a disease where there is a small deletion missing section of one member of their 17th pair of Chromosomes To educate you on SMS I will tell you the Characteristics Genetics The Diagnosis and about Early Detection Diagnosis and Intervention Someone with SMS will have a variation of unusual behavior and physical characteristics A person with SMS may have only a few or a lot of these features mentioned Some physical features of a person with SMS are Short stature facial appearances are flattened mid-face down-turned mouth reoccurring rosy cheeks prominent jaw in older children and adults Although facial characteristics are noticeable they can be fairly subtle also There are also chronic ear infections hearing impairment eye problems such as Strabismus an eye which turns in or out and Myopia nearsightedness They can suffer from hoarse voice short finders and toes heart defectsmurmurs problems related to the urinary system Scoliosis curvature of the spine an unusual walking pattern and a decreased sensitivity to pain Some characteristics during infancy are a cherubic facial appearance happy disposition infrequent crying low muscle tone and feeding problems Those with SMS also experience sleeping problems too such as frequent awakenings and increased daytime naps Some of the Behavioral and Developmental Characteristics are speech delay and articulation problems developmental delay learning disabilities mental retardation and hyperactivity Some of whom will do injury to themselves such as head banging hand biting picking at skin sores and nails pulling off finger and toe nails inserting foreign objects into ears nose or other body orifices They can have explosive outbursts prolonged tantrums destructive and aggressive behavior excitability and arm hugging or hand squeezing when excited Some people with SMS can never show and behavior problems at all although some degree of self-injury and sleep disturbance occurs in most Despite their difficult behaviors children and adults with SMS are very appealing and affectionate Although SMS is caused by the
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