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Book SourceJohnson Steven The Ghost Map The Story of Londons Most TerrifyingEpidemicand How It Changed Science Cities and the Modern World NewYork Riverhead Books 2006 301 pSummarySteve Johnsons book features a novel representation of the Broad Streetcholera outbreak in 1854 involving four protagonists the bacterium Vibriocholerae the industrial city of London curate Henry Whitehead andphysician John Snow whose map the title is based from Many factorscontributed to the outbreak and the suppression of cholera which in turnfactored a changed in science cities and the modern worldFrom bone-pickers rag-gatherers bunters to night-soil men waste-recyclers made up the majority of world cities population by 1854 Butthese excrement collectors were not just any ordinary plain people theywere of importance playing a crucial role in the growth of medieval townsone of them in Netherlands which has one of the highest populationdensities today Thus London spurted as one of the first modern cities andthe largest city in the world at that time Londons population increasedbut as it did it was also drowning in its own filth in spite of wasterecyclings agricultural benefits Had also the Industrial Revolution nothappened modern cities would not have had the capability to attract anddevelop microbes that would endanger Londoners Furthermore thedevelopment of modern cities was supported by the agricultural revolutionsimprovements of agrarian capitalism coal and steam power and the railwaysystem all of which increased food production and helped people reproducemore And because of the tea imports and alcohol production people livedlonger and therefore excreted more waste and caused sewer constructionIt was a clash between microbe namely V Cholerae and man Cholera hasbeen depicted before nonetheless but has not been discovered or namedbefore of the outbreak Thanks to the newspapers the disease was known andpeople were warned Many theories on the diseases causes existed andappeared at that time including the miasma theory which supports thenotion that air has been poisoned and causes the disease its followersincluding Edwin Chadwick William Farr Benjamin Hall and most LondonersSnows waterborne
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