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The Stroop Effect Experiment The Stroop effect shows how selective attention is utilized to attend to a task that requires the subject to selectively focus on one of several different stimuli Stroops findings can be seen in parts of everyday life such as a mother being able to hear her own childs cry over many other children in the same room The Stroop experiment tests the ability to name the ink color of colored words under conditions where the word meanings and ink colors varied The dependent variable that which can be measured is the time that it took each subject to accomplish each conditioned task and the independent variable being the different task conditions The different conditions were marked and defined as follows A Words written in their corresponding colors known as the strong Stroop B Mismatched colored words written in the color of ink of the word to follow known as negative priming C Incongruent ink colored words known as the weak Stroop D Ink colored irrelevant words known as neutral words E Ink colored XXXs known as neutral patterns The study examined the hypothesis that the greater the interference required in the condition called the weak Stoop the more amount of time it would take to read Therefore the predicted pattern of conditions from fastest to slowest would be A E D C and B Results Response Times A B C DE Subject 1140938252852252225 Subject 21536535221875 Mean1455373831752225205 Subject number 1 became very confused over one color that was incorrectly stated in condition B Subject 2 took a very slow and deliberate approach to condition C Both subjects had a slight stutter in all conditions The words rather than the names of the colors caused difficulty in both the subjects performance Discussion The results confirm the hypothesis and prediction to
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