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Word Count: 393
The artists who became the surrealists gathered around poet Andre Breton in Paris in the 1920s The first Surrealist Manifesto was published in 1924 declaring the artistic goals of the organization especially as conceived by Breton For Breton surrealism was a creative method that employed many of the ideas of Sigmund Freud the Austrian doctor who developed psychoanalysis as a method of treating mental illness The basic strategy for Breton was automatism a process for tapping the unconscious by writing in a trancelike state and recording the involuntary images that emerged Taking his cue from the writings of Freud Breton believed that dreams were the natural expression of the unconscious mind Automatism irrational thought associations hallucinations and the recollection of dream images offered away to liberate the creative mind from the bonds of logic and reason Surrealism like dada began primarily as a literary movement However artists did organize themselves under the name of surrealism and staged a series of exhibitions Gradually the artists moved away from the influence of Breton and developed a broader appeal to artists and viewers alike Dali Salvador 1904-1989 was a surrealist painter His unusual pictures made him one of the most publicized figures in modern art Dali called his surrealist paintings hand-painted dream photographs The pictures show strange often nightmarish combinations of precisely detailed figures and objects Many of his paintings have strong sexual associations The barren landscapes and fantastic rock formations of the Spanish region of Catalonia where Dali was born appear in a number of his works Dalis Gala and the Angelus of Millet Immediately Preceding the Arrival of the Conic Anamorphous illustrates his realistic technique and his use of complicated puzzling symbols Dali also created many etchings and lithographs He designed many of these prints to illustrate books Salvador Felipe Jacinto Dali was born in Figueras Spain He was also a sculptor and jewellery designer Dali worked with the Spanish film director Luis
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