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Theories of Motivation Ask any person who is successful in whatever he or she is doing what motivates himher and very likely the answer will be goals Goal Setting is extremely important to motivation and success So what motivates you Why are you in college If you are in college because thats what your parents want you may find it difficult to motivate yourself Sure its possible to succeed with someone else providing the motivation for you If you graduate from college Ill give you a car or worse If you dont graduate from college you wont get a car But motivation that comes from within really makes the difference Theories have been developed over the years as to what motivates us and those theories are what I intend to discuss Compare and Contrast of Motivational Theories Maslows Hierarchy of Needs Maslow showed little interest in animal or laboratory studies of human behavior He chose instead to collect data for his theories by studying outstanding individuals His studies led him to believe that people have certain needs which are unchanging and genetic in origin These needs are the same in all cultures and are both physiological and psychological Maslow described these needs as being hierarchal in nature meaning that some needs are more basic or more powerful than others and as these needs are satisfied other higher needs emerge Abraham H Maslows 2001 Herzberg Hygiene Theory Herzberg found that the factors causing job satisfaction and presumably motivation were different from those causing job dissatisfaction He developed the motivation-hygiene theory to explain these results He called the satisfiers motivators and the dissatisfiers hygiene factors using the term hygiene in the sense that they are considered maintenance factors that are necessary to avoid dissatisfaction but that by themselves do not provide satisfaction Herzberg described motivators as growth esteem recognition responsibility advancement and personal goals Hygienes are job security working conditions company policies co-worker
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