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Theories of Victimization 3 Melissa Marciano CRJ330-01 Dr Dian Williams The greatest predictor of becoming a victim in the future is if a person was a victim in the past For example if a person was sexually molested as a child its likely that person will become a victim of rape as an adult David Finkelhor and Nancy Asigian suggest three types of characteristics increase a persons potential for victimization Target Vulnerability Target Gratifiability and Target Antagonism Target Vulnerability says someone with a physical disability or psychological distress would make that person incapable of resisting or deterring crime which makes the victim an easy target Target Gratifiability explains having attractive possessions such as a certain quality skill or attribute that an offender wants makes them vulnerable to predatory crime Target Antagonism describes some characteristics such as being gay argumentative or an alcoholic may increase the risk of victimization because they arouse anger jealousy or destructive impulses in some offenders Siegel pg89 Furthermore some important characteristics that distinguish victims are gender age social status and race For example males are more likely than females to suffer from violent crimes except for rape and sexual assault In addition men were two times more likely than women to experience aggravated assault and robbery while women were six times more likely than men to experience rape and sexual assault Siegel pg86 Moreover younger people face a greater risk of victimization than the elderly Victimization declines rapidly after the age of twenty-five In addition the least affluent poor are more likely to be victims of violent crimes and the most affluent wealthy are more likely to be targets of personal theft Moreover although crime - especially violent crime - is a serious problem in the poorest inner-city neighborhoods most of these crimes are committed by a few hard-core offenders the majority of
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