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Word Count: 572
Over the years there have been many attempts to understand and explain why people tend to think and feel negatively toward other groups in essence are prejudice In the textbook Race Ethnicity Gender and Class the Sociology of Group Conflict and Change Joseph Healey outlines some of the more widely accepted theories Healey breaks these theories into two distinctive groups Personality based approach to prejudice and Cultural based approach to prejudice One thought in the personality-based approach to prejudice is projection Projection is when a person sees in others characteristics or feelings that he cant admit that he has himself Some people are unable to deal with strong emotions and tend to project them onto others Another hypothesis in personality-based prejudice is the Scapegoat hypothesis This hypothesizes that prejudice is associated with an individuals need to deal with frustration and express aggression It also states that failure no matter what size is common for every individual When a person fails there is a certain amount of frustration One way that frustration can manifest itself is by an individual becoming aggressive and hostile Usually that person cannot be hostile against the person or thing that has frustrated them so they displace the frustration in the form of hostility and aggression onto a weaker target that is unable to respond the aggression or scapegoat By definition minority groups are weaker inferior and typically do not retaliate against the dominant group Therefore minority groups can take on the role of the scapegoat The Authoritarian personality is another example of personality-based prejudice TW Adorno believes that Authoritarian Personality Syndrome APS is something that is developed in early childhood relationships of children and their parents APS typically occurs when a child is harshly disciplined parents are uncommunicative and emotionally cold It is thought that these children see their parents as dangerous and fearsome and eventually harbor angry and hostile feelings against them The children come to view all authoritative people
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